Poetry is an early elementary age favorite to write because you get to break all the rules by following new rules. Kids love a break from being forced to write in complete sentences, make up words to make things rhyme and playing with words they already know. Here are five poems perfect for writing a note of love at Valentine’s Day.
The only rule for Acrostic Poetry is that the writer select a theme word. It can be a name, a phrase or a word as simple as “love.” Write each letter of the word vertically. Then write a word, phrase or sentence that starts with that word on each line. Whether there is rhythm or a rhyme is at the discretion of the writer (or the teacher.) For the youngest poets, just identifying one describing word for each line is an accomplishment, while more accomplished poets will try to rhyme or write with rhythm.
As the name suggests, a cinquain poem is written with 5 lines, and generally follows one of two rules. The first example is directed by syllables, which helps children to work on phonetic spelling, syllabic spelling and focusing on the basic words necessary to describe a main idea.
line 1: two syllables (often the title)
line 2: four syllables
line 3: six syllables
line 4: eight syllables
line 5: two syllables (usually referring back to the first line, though it can be a repeat of the word.)
The second example focuses on the number of words rather than the number of syllables. This type of a cinquain helps the children to write with a strong focus on a theme:
line 1: one word (the title)
line 2: two word phrase (adjectives to describe the person)
line 3: three word phrase (three things the person loves)
line 4: four word phrase (about the person)
line 5: one word (usually referring back to the title)
Writing a biography poem for Valentines Day allows the child to focus on one person of which they have strong feelings (Mom, Dad, brother, sister…). Children learn to ask questions and to thoughtfully interpret their thoughts into the proper format.
Line 1: First Name
Line 2: Four descriptive traits
Line 3: Sibling of…
Line 4: Loves to…
Line 5: Who cares about…
Line 6: Who needs…
Line 7: Who gives…
Line 8: Who would like to see…
Line 9: Lives in…
Line 10: Last Name
A basic rhyming poem focuses becomes a game for children to write as they work to find rhyming words that make sense to the topic. Rhyming poems can be written as couplets (2 lines), triplets (3 lines) or more. Generally poems rhyme as doubles (the first two lines, the second two lines, etc.) or every other line.
Creating poems for Valentine’s Day is an exceptional opportunity to share writing skills as well as creating an opportunity to explore feelings and meanings.